A Quick History of Prague

Ye Olde Prague History

Prague history is a long and interesting tale. Throughout it’s life the city of Prague has been in the hands of various powers. In fact the “Czech” part of it’s history is really only a relatively small part of the total story. So, with a deep breath…let’s begin…

The story of Prague history dates back to 870 AD with the founding of Prague Castle by Bořivoj. Soon after this in 894, the city cemented itself as the jewel in the Czech crown by becoming the seat of the Kingdom of Bohemia and home of the Premyslid Princes. From this point the city saw several centuries of growth and prosperity, gradually becoming a bustling trade town. Eventually, another Castle, by the name of Vysehrad, was built on the opposite bank of the river in the first half of the 11th century.

As a matter of fact the two parts of the city only became one when a stone bridge was built across the waters in 1172 after which Prague further flourished. Then in the 13th century, the Old Town and the Little Quarter were slowly developing. Thereby giving the city the buildings it has become famous for today. The city was continuing to develop at a startling pace. The Charles University, New Town, Charles Bridge, St Vitus’ Cathedral, and the Slavonic Abbey were all under construction within a period of a few hundred years.

Towards the Future

Moving forward to the more modern history of Prague, the 15th March 1939, saw Hitler’s armies occupying Prague. It was a dark time for the city, and in particular for its suffering Jewish population. The Prague Uprising at the end of the war was an important part of the city’s history. But soon Nazism gave way to Communism with the city continuing to have sever lack of freedom. Finally in 1989 the country found liberation from the Soviet Union during the Purple Revolution.

It’s first president from a democratic election came soon after and in 1993. And then, finally, it became the Czech Republic, after splitting with Slovakia. Moreover, by joining the EU in 2004, Prague was finally ushering itself into the  modern Euro-centric era.